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Trolling is usually the ticket when it comes to catching walleyes on the Great Lakes. Spreading your lines and sifting through large areas of water fast will often connect you with active fish. But, trolling is not always the answer. Sometimes the situation calls for a presentation that lends itself to pinpoint accuracy. That's when it’s time to turn to a jig.
The decision on which presentation to choose – jigging vs. trolling - is dictated by how the walleyes are relating to structure on any given day. Using electronics will tell you all you need to know before you ever wet a line. Just ask yourself one question as you watch the fish marks move across the sonar screen. Are walleyes dispersed over huge areas or are they tightly schooled and holding close to reefs, points, rock piles or weeds? Then picture which method, trolling or jigging, will keep your bait in front of the most fish for the longest period of time.
Using this simple analysis, it becomes clear that trolling does the trick for walleyes that are scattered or suspended. This is normally true in the warm, summer months when walleyes are on the move in search of suspended baitfish. Vary the choice of crankbaits and the amount of line out or use a combination of snap weights and Lindy X-Change bottom bouncers with Hatchet Harnesses and live bait to cover the water column from top to bottom. In-line planer boards can spread your lines to cover a wide path.
Experience has taught us that walleyes will often hold tight to the bottom in small groups on the largest bodies of water. Rock piles, humps and reefs act like magnets in spring and fall or when cold fronts strike in places like Lake Erie's Western Basin or Little Bay de Noc. At other times, walleyes will hold in dense cover, like the weed beds of Saginaw Bay. In all of these cases, trolling would put baits in the fish zone for only brief moments. You'd spend more time turning the boat around to make another trolling pass than you would actually fishing. On the other hand, specific spots can be worked precisely with a jig. Your bait will stay in front of a walleye for longer periods of time.
Doing your homework before you launch is an important ingredient to success on any fishing trip. But on the Great Lakes, information gathering is absolutely critical. There's just too much water to have to search by yourself when armed only with sonar and a rod and reel. Ask clerks at bait shops what areas and tactics are producing. Have them mark your maps. Get the scoop on where the largest concentrations of fish are and get GPS coordinates, if possible.
Once on the water, run from spot to spot, then cruise each location slowly. Watch your sonar carefully to see how fish are relating to the available structure and cover. Note the depth when you find a concentration of walleyes. If they are suspended 3 to 5 feet or more off the bottom, break out the trolling gear. If you are marking fish tight to structure, you'll be using a jig and live bait. When jigging, I like to use a 6-1/2 foot medium-heavy spinning rod with a fast tip like ’s Tri-Wing TI66SPMH. Your reel should be spooled with 8 or 10 pound monofilament line, like Super Tough, that can withstand abrasions from zebra mussels and haul in the big fish typical of the Great Lakes. Use a casting combination like the Pinnacle TI66CAMH for heavier jigs and deeper water.
Mark the locations where you see fish on your GPS so you can return easily. Check out the rest of the area and zig-zag slowly along structure contours and weed edges at the depth where you first noticed fish. You might discover the infamous spot-on-a-spot that holds an even larger school. When you do, enter the GPS coordinates or toss out a marker buoy. In addition, listen to your marine radio. Charter captains often exchange information and you might find a pattern or another spot that can help you.
Successful jigging often demands a precise presentation well below the surface. Your ability to accomplish that task depends on the conditions you face above. Are the waves small or large? Can you hold your boat still with an electric trolling motor? If so, you can literally drop a jig on a walleye’s nose. A transducer on your trolling motor enables you to work your boat with precision on the edges of the structure.
Golden Rule of Jigging
Here’s the number one Golden Rule of Jigging - your jig must always be on or near the bottom for it to be effective. You aren't fishing high percentage, structure-oriented unless it is.
Common sense dictates that the shallower the fish or the slower the wind or current, the lighter the jig can be. An eighth or quarter ounce Fuzz-E-Grub jig can be cast to the top of a reef or hump topping out in a foot or two of water and retrieved slowly along the bottom back to the boat. For more finicky fish, dangle a smaller jig below a Thill Float so it rides just off the bottom. Let the waves impart the action. Jigs of three-eighths, a half or three-quarters of an ounce handle medium depths. A Jumbo Fuzz-E-Grub weighing five-eighths or an ounce can get down to 50 feet and more. (Ted once led the Professional Walleye Trail tournament on Lake Erie by using his trolling motor to thump big Fuzz E Grubs on humps that rose 5 feet from the bottom in 50 feet of water. His five fish weighed about 37 pounds.)
If the the waves make it too rough to control the boat with an electric motor, toss out an anchor or drift with the wind to cover large areas. Control boat speed with a drift sock, if needed. But whatever the situation, be sure to use a jig heavy enough to maintain bottom contact at all times. Keep no more than a 45-degree angle between your line and the water's surface when drifting to avoid slack in your line and missed fish.
Minnows are great a bait for the Great Lakes anytime. Emerald shiners are the most common. Ask at the bait shops for what's hot. Don't be afraid to experiment, though. Try two minnows on the same hook. There are times when big walleyes seem to want big baits especially in fall and very early spring. Try larger minnows and longer plastic tails. Try a five-eighths or 1-ounce jig dressed with a 4 inch or 6 inch plastic lizard like the ones bass fishermen use. It works. Nightcrawlers and leeches work well as the water starts to warm up to above 50 degrees.
Sharpen hooks and bend out the hook gaps slightly to improve hook sets. Use stinger hooks, but sometimes allow it remain free. Inserting the stinger's barb into small emerald shiners can make it appear unnatural.
Jig action is crucial. That was made crystal clear one frigid day when Ted was fishing with walleye/muskie expert Jim Saric on Lake Erie. No one was catching anything, including the charter boats anchored nearby. But that changed when a chilly Saric cast a three-eighth-ounce Fuzz-E-Grub to the top of a 12-foot reef and let it fall to the bottom. As he reached for a cup of coffee, his shivering hand sent vibrations down his rod, through the line and to the jig. When he finally lifted the rod tip, a walleye was on. We took fish after fish during the next several minutes by duplicating the quivering motion. This proved that the first fish was no fluke.
What was the lesson? Match the action of a jig to fit the mood of the walleyes. The most common presentation is lift-drop, lift-drop. But try dragging it, popping it and letting it fall or holding it still just off the bottom. When casting to shallow reefs, let the jig drop until you feel the bottom or see slack in the line. Then slowly lift your rod tip 2 or 3 inches. Pause, drop your rod tip, reel up slack and let the jig touch bottom again. Repeat. Concentrate and remember what action you were giving the jig when you get your first strike. A common mistake by most jiggers is that they over jig. Use very subtle motions the majority of the time.
Color matters. As a general rule of thumb, brighter colors like chartreuse, lime-green or orange, are good in dirty or stained water. Try subtle, more natural colors like white, black, blue or purple for clearer water. Change up often until you find the color that the walleyes want.
Aggressive walleyes will really “thunk” a jig. If so, set the hook right away. But sometimes they will gently suck the bait in their mouth and just swim away. Get in the habit of watching your line. A few missed fish will alert you about whether you should "feed" them the jig and pause a little longer before driving home the point.
The Great Lakes are big - there’s no doubt about it. But, when
the walleyes are concentrated and relating to structure, it time to jig
Western Basin, Lake Erie
Try the Western Basin out of the Ohio towns of Port Clinton or Put-In-Bay on South Bass Island in March and April. Reefs that rise up as little as 5 feet will hold trophy walleyes. Tie on a quarter ounce Fuzz-E-Grub and a minnow, cast to the top and reel slowly. Or use a heavier jig, let it down to the bottom, reel once or twice to avoid snags in rocks and drift slowly.
In spring and fall, big fish move into feeder rivers like the Detroit River, where John Campbell won the Professional Walleye Trail qualifier in April of 1999. He used one-ounce Jumbo Fuzz-E-Grubs to stay vertical and on the bottom in 28 to 30 feet of water. While slipping the current he used his trolling motor to match the speed of his Ranger to the swift current as he drifted downstream. He downsized his jig slightly to five-eighths of an ounce when the mood of the fish turned more neutral.
Bay de Noc
Lake Michigan's Bay de Noc features reed and weed beds that hold lots
of smaller fish with the chance for a real trophy all season long.
Best times to fish reeds in four feet of water and less are when wind is
blowing into them and the sky is overcast. Use one-eighth or one-quarter-ounce
jigs tipped with a 3 inch piece of 'crawler to target pockets and turns.
Check edges which often feature slight depressions in the bottom, where
Large weed beds dot Lake Huron's Saginaw Bay from two to four miles out. Fish the edges and pockets with small weedless jigs. The bay also features rock piles that top out at four to eight feet of water. Use a quarter or three-eighth’s ounce jig that makes a fish-attracting noise as it bangs the hard bottom.
Fish rock humps in May through June and again in fall. Some are very small and isolated. Others are connected to the shore with fish-attracting "saddles". These saddles are created as points fall to deeper water before rising again farther out into the bay. Use eighth-ounce and quarter-ounce Fuzz E Grubs tipped with chubs to catch walleyes in four to 16 feet of water.
Bay of Quinte
Lake Ontario's Bay of Quinte also features rock humps a mile east from Belleville. Circle to find them, toss out a buoy and work vertically with a half-ounce jig and big chub in eight to 20 feet of water. Expect fish up to 5 pounds and more.
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